(1) 12 pair
(2) Attached posterior to the thoracic vertebrae.
(3) Pairs 1-10 are attached anterior to the sternum.
(4) Pairs 11 and 12 are floating.
b. Sternum (Breastbone)
(1) Manubrium (superior portion of sternum)
(2) Body (middle)
(3) Xiphoid process (inferior portion of sternum)
a. Iliac crest (wings of pelvis)
b. Pubis (anterior portion of pelvis)
c. Ischium (inferior portion of pelvis)
6. Lower extremities
a. Greater trochanter (ball) and acetabulum (socket of hip
bone) [Make up the hip joint]
b. Femur (thigh)
c. Patella (kneecap)
d. Tibia (shin – lower leg)
e. Fibula (lower leg)
f. Medial and lateral malleolus – are the surface landmarks of
the ankle joint.
g. Tarsals and metatarsals (foot)
h. Calcaneus (heel)
i. Phalanges (toes)
7. Upper extremities
a. Clavicle (collar bone)
b. Scapula (shoulder blade)
c. Acromion (tip of shoulder)
d. Humerus (superior portion of upper extremity)
e. Olecranon (elbow)
I selected photos of anatomical areas that I was unfamiliar with so, if there is something on this list and you dont know what or where it goes. Google it dear friend.
BREATHING RATES ACCORDING TO NATIONAL STANDARDS
(1) Normal rate
(a) Adult – 12-20/minute
(b) Child – 15-30/minute
(c) Infant – 25-50/minute
(a) Breath sounds – present and equal
(b) Chest expansion – adequate and equal
(c) Effort of breathing – use of accessory muscles
– predominantly in infants and children
(4) Depth (tidal volume) – adequate
Seesaw Breathing in infants definition is:
(8) In infants, there may be “seesaw” breathing where
the abdomen and chest move in opposite directions.
Palpating FOR FEMORAL ARTERY LOCATION
(a) The major artery of the thigh.
(b) Supplies the lower extremities with blood.
(c) Pulsations can be palpated in the groin area
(the crease between the abdomen and thigh).
1. Nose and mouth
3. Epiglottis – a leaf-shaped structure that prevents food and liquid
from entering the trachea during swallowing.
4. Trachea (windpipe)
5. Cricoid cartilage – firm cartilage ring forming the lower portion of
6. Larynx (voice box)
7. Bronchi – two major branches of the trachea to the lungs. Bronchus
subdivides into smaller air passages ending at the alveoli.